Yedikule Fortress – a treasure house come the prestigious prison of Fatih
In 1458, the time of Constantinople had emerged so many unusual things in Turkey; one among them is Yedikule Fortress. It was built in the same 1458 at the ruling charge of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II’s (son of Murad II and Huma Hatun) commission who is also known as ‘Mehmed the Conqueror.’
Turkey is a country of cultural heritage, as an instance for this fact, the castle of seven-tower complex -Yedikule Fortress was built by the Roman Empire Mehmed II. He has ruled in two different reign periods, such as Aug 1444 – Sept 1446 and Feb 1451 – May 1481. His part of sovereignty in roman history was inevitable to forget because he nailed it.
Yedikule means ‘Seven Towers’ in English, and it is a neighborhood of the Fatih district in the city of Istanbul. After that, it was called ‘Seven Towered Yedikule Fortress.’
As a historical fact of this unusual thing in Turkey, this castle of seven towers was a cooperation of few empires that have created the three new towers and that all was enclosed with the mighty walls of Constantinople. And the last two (twin towers) was built by Theodosius I (who was known as Theodosius the Great) and his younger brother Theodosius II (who is a calligrapher), now it was called Golden Gate. It was actually in the Marmara seashore, which was the gate of such a city once upon a time.
During the reign of Sultan, this fortress was like one of the palaces to him; he has kept each tower as a treasury storeroom. He was well-known about the value of his ancestral and their treasures like coins, golden ingots, precious silver goods, and most important documents of the roman bureau also the armories.
In the aspect of protecting the treasure, the empires have built the castle of seven towers with the military outpost existence to avoid unreceptive attacking from the other country forces. But that was not much easy to do for long, so they replaced all those treasures to the palace of Topkapi in the 16th century. And that beautiful castle of seven towers became like a prison for the captives who must be prestigiously well-treated by the Sultan.
The structure of each tower was built with some specialties such as the triumphal arch was completely congenital by the city walls of the Byzantine, the pentagonal plan was inoculated in the three original towers of the Yedikule fortress, and there is an axis which divides the fortress into two proportioned parts which were in the midpoint of Ottoman tower and the former tower of Porta Aurea.
In the courtyard place of the fortress was one of the focal points by the symmetrical axis because it was the masque of Sultan, but it looks like a condemned structure and the Marmara Sea’s grace has nailed the complete castle look on it.
Though it was just utilized as a prison after the replacement of the treasures in the 16th century, it never is treated as a typical prison as in such a period of prisons for the prisoners. The list of prisoners will be hectic if we begin to note it down. The most well-known famous prisoner was Osman II, who was a young Sultan who was prisoned by Janissaries in the year 1622. King Simon I and all the followed pashas of the Ottoman were executed in this prison.
Also, from the Russian ambassadors like Aleksei Obreskov to all the Russian staff were imprisoned there in the castle of severing towers. The French writers (like Francois Pouqueville) to Noble Prize winner (Ivo Andric) also had imprisoned in Yedikule Fortress. In the 19th century, the houses of the castle were torn down, and so a school for girls was built. In 1838, the outer-gate of the Yedikule Fortress was re-opened, and that was used as a gunpowder magazine for a short while, and in 1895, it was changed as a museum. Thus the treasured palace became the prison in Roman History, again, the unusual thing in Turkey.